Please read the following items, print out and bring to class on 18 November:
Valery Tishkov, Chechnya: Life in a war torn society. The chapter entitled "The culture of hostage taking". Pages 216 to 219. Pages 219 to 223.
And two chapters from Chechnya: A small victorious war by Carlotta Gall and Thomas de Waal: The French of the Caucasus and Conquest and Resistance.